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This castle was incorporated into one corner of a battlemented bawn wall which enclosed a large courtyard.
It is possible that the other three corners were given towers or the external appearance of towers.
Although we have attempted to create the most comprehensive listing on the internet, there is a small chance that a few castles may have slipped through our net.
If you’ve noticed any ommissions, please do not hesitate to fill out the form at the bottom of the map. Built between 1284-1293 by Robert Burnell, Bishop of Bath and Wells, friend and advisor to King Edward I, the location of the manor house was important, close to the old Roman road of Watling Street.
The origin of “borough” is not in dispute, being derived from “burgh”, an Anglo-Saxon word for fortress or fortified settlement.
“Knare” may come either from the name of a chieftain, such that the whole means something like “Cenheard’s fortress”; or it may derive from “knar” – a rocky outcrop – thus giving Knaresborough the appellation of “the fortress on the rock”, which would fit the location very well.
Several ancient name derivations survive around the town – “gate” is a Scandinavian word for street and survives in “Briggate” – the street leading to the bridge, “Kirkgate” – the street leading to the church, “Tentergate” – the place where cloth is stretched for drying on “tenterhooks”; “ing” means meadow, “Gracious” as in Gracious Street, probably derives from Anglo-Saxon “gracht-huys” – the houses on the ditch.
Aside from developments in language and literature, England is well endowed with an extensive physical legacy of themedieval period which principally comprises castles, abbeys and monasteries, cathedrals and battlefields.
The listing below does not purport to be exhaustive but illustrative of the possibilities for inclusion in a customised tour which may appeal to visitors with a wide range of interests in the medieval era.
Knaresborough has a fascinating and varied history.
Its roots go back centuries and throughout its long history it has been peopled with a wealth of characters, from Hugh de Morville, murderer of Thomas Beckett on the steps of his cathedral at Canterbury, to Blind Jack, the world renowned road builder.
→Battle Abbey: Located on site of Battle of Hastings, 1066.